Fonds F 106 - Mary Weekes fonds

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Mary Weekes fonds

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Reference code

F 106

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  • 1820-1980, predominant 1930-1980 (Creation)

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Physical description

3.2 m of textual records
99 photographs
9 drawings

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Mary Loretto Girroir was born in Tracadie, Nova Scotia on October 16, 1884 to William and Eliza Jane (Reddy) History Girroir. She had one brother and five sisters. Girroir's parents separated when she was nine years old. Consequently, she lived with her mother and with members of her extended family in various locations throughout Nova Scotia. Eliza Jane Girroir later changed her surname and that of her children to Gerrin.

Mary Gerrin began training as a registered nurse at Boston City Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts in 1907 and obtained a Certificate of Professional Education in Nursing in 1910. She was employed as Superintendent of Nursing at the Boston Psychopathic Hospital from 1910 to 1914.

Gerrin married Melville Bell Weekes, a land surveyor from Regina, Saskatchewan, in 1914 and moved to Regina soon after. She established a career as an author, focusing on the folklore and history of Canada. Her published works included Acadian Betrayal; The Last Buffalo Hunter; Round the Council Fires; Painted Arrows; Trader King: The Thrilling Story of Forty Years' Service in the North-West Territories; Great Chiefs and Mighty Hunters of the Western Plains; and High White Beds. Other published works included essays, short stories, periodical articles, songs, legends and poems. Throughout the mid-twentieth century, selected works were part of primary and secondary English curricula in Saskatchewan.

Weekes was actively involved in the Canadian Authors Association. She helped establish the Regina branch of the Association and served as its regional representative and president. She was also involved in the Victorian Order of Nurses, the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire, and the National Council of Women.

Mary and Melville Weekes had three sons: Henry, John and Richard. Melville Weekes died in Regina in 1958. In the late-1970s, Mary Weekes moved to Toronto, Ontario where she resided until her death on June 1, 1980.

In 1964, Mary Weekes was honoured by the Government of Saskatchewan for her contributions as an author to the province and its people by having her name associated with Weekes Lake, located in northern Saskatchewan. Weekes Lake was originally named in honour of Melville Bell Weekes for his tenure as Controller of Surveys with the Government of Saskatchewan.

Custodial history

Mary Weekes donated some of these records to the Regina office, Saskatchewan Archives in seven accessions between 1948 and 1980: 41 (April 22, 1948); 55 (1949); 255 (R) (May 1, 1960); No Acc. #225 (March 17, 1970); R77-224 (July 26, 1977); R79-093 (March 26, 1979) and R80-438 (May 7, 1980). Mary Weekes donated some of these records to the Saskatoon office, Saskatchewan Archives in one accession in 1952: 95 (December 1, 1952). Dr. John Archer, President of the University of Saskatchewan, Regina Campus donated some of these records on behalf of Mary Weekes in one accession in 1975: 584 (R) (February 20, 1975). A representative from the Saskatchewan Teachers' Federation, on instruction from Mary Weekes, donated some of these records to the Regina office, Saskatchewan Archives in one accession in 1976: 690(R) (March 5, 1976).

Scope and content

This fonds consists of records created, accumulated and used by Mary Weekes in her career as an author in Regina, Saskatchewan from ca. 1914 to ca. 1975. It consists of research materials, manuscripts and reviews related to her poetry, songwriting, folklore, novels and short stories. As well, works from Weekes' writing studies at Harvard University ca. 1930 to 1936 are included in the fonds. Nom de plumes used by Weekes in her written works include Bungalow Ten, Glow-Worm, Jane Reddy and Saskalta.

The fonds also consists of records created, accumulated and used in Weekes' activities with the Victorian Order of Nurses; the Imperial Order Daughters of the Empire; the National Council of Women; and the Canadian Authors Association.

Records of Weekes' training as a registered nurse at the Boston City Hospital (1907-1910) and her employment at the Boston Psychopathic Hospital (1910-1914) are included in the fonds.

The types of records included are manuscripts; publications; correspondence; clippings; songbooks; radio scripts; speaking notes; contracts, renewals and assignments of copyright; scrapbooks; photographs; drawings; paintings; prints and maps.

No series assignment has been applied to the records described in the fonds. The following headings were used for descriptions completed in 1989: Articles and Short Stories; Contracts, Renewals, and Assignments of Copyright; Correspondence; Indian Lore: Jingles and Legends; Manuscripts; Periodicals; Poetry; Publications; Radio Scripts for School Broadcasts; Reviews of Works by Mary Weekes; Songs; Miscellaneous; Clippings: General; Clippings re Individuals; Scrapbooks; Addresses; Harvard Essays; National Council of Women; Nursing; "Order of The Good Time", Nova Scotia; Paintings; Photographs; Reminiscences and Autobiographical Materials; Royalties; Short Story; Stapleford, Mrs. E.W.; Weekes, Melville Bell; and Weekes Lake.

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Physical condition

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The factors determining arrangement of the records in this fonds have not been documented during the description process.

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Restrictions on access

Records are open for research.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Use, publication and/or reproduction of records are subject to terms indicated by correspondence with the donor and conditions of The Copyright Act. Please consult Reference Archivist for assistance.

Finding aids

SAFA 412 (old guide GR 81) consists of a fonds description, file listings of textual records and item descriptions of photographs. The paper guide consists of a fonds description and file listings of textual records.

Associated materials

Related material: GR 316 (R-834) Indians of North America: Pamphlets and Clippings - Includes articles written by Weekes about Chief Poundmaker for Saskatchewan News (no date) and Canadian Magazine (1934); GR 399 (R-1082) Museum of Natural History: Collector - Includes a section on Saskatchewan written by Weekes for the publication The Spirit of Canada, published by Canadian Pacific Railway Company, 1939.

Related materials


No further accruals are expected.

General note

2 paintings; 2 prints; 3 maps.

Alpha-numeric designations

Other codes: Textual records: old guide GR 81 (R-100, R-395); Photographs: R-A17103 to R-A17104; R-A23477 to R-A23482 (1)-(8); R-A24805 to R-A24812; R-B11635 (1)-(5) to R-B11641 (1)-(9); R-B12057 (1)-(3) to R-B12067; R-D1367; Painting: R-D2631; Oversize: R-OS 2

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