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- Textual record
- Sound recording
- Graphic material
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Dates of creation area
1981 - 1982 (Creation)
- Whelan, Pemrose, 1919-2009
1960 - 1962 (Creation)
- Lloyd, Woodrow Stanley, 1913-1972
1900 - 1982 (Creation)
- Fines, Clarence Melvin, 1905-1993
Physical description area
6.0 m of textual records
7 audio reels
14 photographs : prints, b&w, sepia
3 photographs : negatives, b&w
31 audio discs : 33 1/3 rpm, 78 rpm
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Clarence Melvin Fines was born on August 16, 1905, in Darlingford, Manitoba, to Richard and Mabel (Willcott) Fines. He received his early education in Darlingford and in Stonewall. He attended Normal School in Regina, Saskatchewan, before attending the University of Manitoba and the University of Saskatchewan. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Manitoba via correspondence studies in 1942.
Prior to his entry into politics, Fines was a teacher and principal. He began his teaching career at Acreworth S.D. #3854 near Burstall in 1924. He later taught at Knox S.D. #826 and Cross S.D. #2188 near Riceton and at various schools in Regina. He was also principal of Strathcona School in Regina. Fines served as president of the Regina Teachers' Association (1937-1940) and as president of the Regina branch of the Saskatchewan Teachers' Federation(1941-1943).
Fines was a member of the Independent Labour Party and the Farmer-Labour Party before participating as a delegate at the organizing meeting of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) in 1932. Fines also served as an alderman for the City of Regina from 1934 to 1939 and from 1942 to 1944.
Fines was first elected to the Saskatchewan Legislature in 1944 as the CCF Member of the Legislative Assembly for the Regina City constituency. He was re-elected in 1948, 1952 and 1956. From 1944 to 1960, Fines served in the T.C. Douglas Government as Provincial Treasurer and as Deputy Premier. Ministerial responsibilities held by Fines from 1944 to 1960 included: Saskatchewan Liquor Board; Saskatchewan Government Purchasing Agency; Bureau of Publications; King's/Queen's Printer Office; Highway Traffic Board; Civil Service Commission; Farm Loan Board; and Provincial Auditor. Fines was also the Minister in Charge of Saskatchewan Government Insurance Office from 1948 to 1960.
Fines chose to not seek re-election in 1960. That year, he moved to the island of Grenada and worked as a corporate financial advisor for three years. He moved to Fort Lauderdale, Florida in 1963. In 1982, Fines' memoir The Impossible Dream: An Account of People and Events Leading to the First CCF Government, Saskatchewan, 1944 was published. Clarence Fines died in Fort Lauderdale on October 27, 1993.
Clarence Fines married Abigail Cox on January 13, 1926. They had two sons: Howard and Murray. He was later married to Lillianne Fines.
Name of creator
Woodrow Stanley Lloyd was born on July 16, 1913 in Webb, Saskatchewan to Allen Edward and Myrtle Belle (Davis) Lloyd. He received his early education at
Lloyd S.D. #1016, in Webb, and in Regina where he
graduated from Scott Collegiate. He completed Normal
School in Moose Jaw in 1931 and received a Bachelor of
Arts degree from the University of Saskatchewan in
1940. Lloyd completed additional university courses
to obtain a high school teaching certificate in 1941.
Prior to his entry into politics, Lloyd taught at Swan
Lake S.D. #2374 near Rush Lake (1932) and was
principal of schools at Stewart Valley (1934-1936);
Vanguard (1936-1941); and Biggar (1941-1944). He
served as president of the Saskatchewan Teachers'
Federation (1940-1944); as an executive member for the
Canadian Teachers' Federation (1940); and as president
of the Saskatchewan Educational Conference
(1942-1944). He was elected to the Senate of the
University of Saskatchewan in 1942.
Lloyd was first elected to the Saskatchewan
Legislature in 1944 and served as the Co-operative
Commonwealth Federation (CCF) Member of the
Legislative Assembly (MLA) for the Biggar constituency
until 1967. He served as the New Democratic Party
(NDP) MLA for the Biggar constituency from 1967 until
Lloyd served in the T.C. Douglas Government as
Minister of Education (1944-August 1960). During this
time, he was also Minister in Charge of Libraries
(1948-1960); Minister in Charge of Saskatchewan
Archives Board (1948-1960); Chairman of Saskatchewan
Research Council (1947-1960); Minister in Charge of
Public Service Commission (1952-1961); and Chairman of
the Board of the Centre for Community Studies
(1957-1960). From August 1960 until November 1961,
Lloyd served as Provincial Treasurer; Minister in
Charge of Highway Traffic Board; Minister in Charge of
Taxation Branch; Minister in Charge of Queen's Printer
and Saskatchewan Government Printing Office; Minister
in Charge of Saskatchewan Government Purchasing
Agency; and Minister in Charge of Government Finance
On November 3, 1961, Lloyd was elected leader of the
provincial CCF party and was appointed Premier of
Saskatchewan on November 7, 1961. He served as
Premier and President of the Executive Council until
his Government was defeated in the 1964 general
election by the Liberal party. Lloyd continued as
leader of the CCF and later NDP parties and served as
Leader of the Opposition until his resignation on July
6, 1970. He remained as an MLA until an election was
called in 1971.
In February 1972, Lloyd moved to Seoul, South Korea,
and began work as a resident representative for the
United Nations Development Program. He died in Seoul
on April 7, 1972.
Woodrow Lloyd married Victoria Leinan on July 2, 1936.
They had four children: Maureen, Dianne, Michael and
Name of creator
Elizabeth Pemrose Henry was born in 1919 at the family farm near Shamrock, Saskatchewan, to Costello John "Jack" and Sarah Emily (Marriott) Henry. She received her early education at Shamrock Centre S.D. #4475 and at Shamrock Village School. In 1936, she moved to Regina and attended Success Business College. She was employed with Saskatchewan Pool Elevators Ltd. (1938-1945) and the Co-operative Union of Saskatchewan (1945-1950). Pemrose Henry married Edward Charles Whalen on November 27, 1948. They had three children: Gaile, Sheila and Timothy.
Throughout her adult life, Whalen was active in the federal and provincial Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and New Democratic Party (NDP). In the 1960s and 1970s, she served as vice-president of the Saskatchewan CCF/NDP, as president of the Saskatchewan CCF/NDP Women, as Saskatchewan officer of the federal NDP, and as co-chair of the federal NDP Women's Committee. She also wrote a column entitled "Short Shots" for The Commonwealth, the newspaper of the Saskatchewan CCF/NDP, and was an active party organizer, campaign manager and speech writer.
Whalen earned a Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in History, from the University of Regina in 1975. In the 1980s, she was employed with the Saskatchewan Archives Board and was a historical consultant on matters of the CCF in Saskatchewan. She assisted with research for two documentaries and a film on T.C. Douglas and, with husband Ed, edited and published the book Touched by Tommy.
Pemrose Whalen died in Regina on February 1, 2009.
Clarence Fines donated some of these records to the Regina office, Saskatchewan Archives in four accessions between 1960 and 1982: 259 (R) (February 1960); R82-256 (May 1, 1982); R82-599 (December 24, 1982); and R83-050 (February 7, 1983).
The Office of the Premier transferred some of these records to the Regina office, Saskatchewan Archives in one accession in 1961: PL 158 (December 1961).
The Treasury Department transferred some of these records to the Regina office, Saskatchewan Archives in one accession in 1964: PL 180a (June 1964).
Pemrose Whelan, research assistant for the Saskatchewan Archives Board and friend of C.M. Fines, donated some of these records to the Regina office,
Saskatchewan Archives in one accession in 1983: R83-138 (March 30, 1983).
Murray Fines, son of C.M. Fines, donated some of these records to the Regina office, Saskatchewan Archives in one accession in 2007: 2007-117 (February 8, 2007).
Records created by W.S. Lloyd as Provincial Treasurer and Pemrose Whelan as research assistant for the Saskatchewan Archives Board's Political History
Program were identified in the C.M. Fines fonds at the time of description.
Scope and content
This fonds consists of records created, accumulated and used by C.M. Fines from 1944 to 1960 during his political career as Provincial Treasurer and as Minister in Charge of: Highway Traffic Board; King's/Queen's Printer Office; Saskatchewan Liquor Board; and Saskatchewan Government Purchasing Agency.
Missing are records of Fines as Deputy Premier (1944-1960); as Minister in Charge of: the Civil Service Commission; Farm Loan Board; Bureau of Publications (all 1944-1960); as Minister in Charge of Saskatchewan Government Insurance Office (1948-1960); and as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) Member of the Legislative Assembly for Regina City (1944-1960).
This fonds also consists of records pertaining to Fines as a member of the Independent Labour Party (1930-1934), the Farmer-Labour Party (1932-1934), and the CCF (Saskatchewan Section) (1934-1936) and as a City of Regina alderman (1934-1939, 1942-1944). Also included are personal photographs of Fines and his family, sound recordings of Fines delivering budget speeches from 1953 to 1956 as Provincial Treasurer, and oral history interviews conducted in 1982 with Fines relating to his political career. As well, manuscript drafts and published copies of Fines' memoir The Impossible Dream: An Account of People and Events Leading to the First CCF Government, Saskatchewan, 1944 are included in the fonds.
This fonds contains public, political and private records.
Records created and accumulated by W.S. Lloyd as Provincial Treasurer and Pemrose Whelan as research assistant for Fines in the writing of his memoir are also included in the fonds.
The types of records included are: correspondence; memoranda; newspaper clippings; manuscript drafts; speeches; publications; reports; press releases;
briefs and submissions; legislation; minutes and agendas; audio reels and discs; photographs and negatives and a necktie worn by Fines as Provincial Treasurer every budget day from 1944 and 1960.
Immediate source of acquisition
The factors determining the arrangement of certain records in this fonds have not been documented during the description process.
Records created by C.M. Fines and W.S. Lloyd, and C.M. Fines and Pemrose Whelan are interfiled.
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audio and video card catalogues and Threshold for descriptions of these records.