Fonds MJ-030 - Chinese Nationalist League fonds

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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Chinese Nationalist League fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record

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Title notes

  • Variations in title: Chinese National League
  • Variations in title: Chinese Nationist League
  • Variations in title: Chinese Nationalists League
  • Variations in title: Chinese Nationalist Party
  • Variations in title: Anti-Communism and Saving the Nation Organization

Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

MJ-030

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • [1920? to 1955?] (Creation)
    Creation
    Chinese Nationalist League
    Place
    Moose Jaw

Physical description area

Physical description

11.5 cm of textual records.

Publisher's series area

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(192?-)

Administrative history

In 1913, Moose Jaw is reported as having the largest Chinese population in Saskatchewan, primarily concentrated in the River Street area.

The Chinese Nationalist League was formed in support of the movement to replace the monarchical government of Qing or Manchu dynasty in China with a republic. The leading figure in this movement was Dr. Sun Yat Sen, who is seen as the founder of modern China. There were branches in most of the larger Chinese populations in Canada and the United States.
A number of unsuccessful uprisings occurred during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Following the successful Wuchang uprising in 1911 and the abdication of Emperor PuYi in 1912, there continued to be internal power struggles up to the victory of the communist elements over nationalist factions.

Branches of the Chinese Nationalist League are known to have been in Moose Jaw, Saskatoon and North Battleford.

The Moose Jaw branch operated from 37 or 39 River St. West [there are conflicting references] and 330 River St. West [this may just be the same location following changes to Moose Jaw’s building numbering system].

The League disappears from the Henderson Directories at the outset of World War II and reappears afterwards as the Chinese Nationalist Party. The Chinese National Party is listed in Henderson’s City Directory as being located at 112 River St. West from 1950 until 1963.
The League was briefly outlawed in 1918 under the War Measures Act as China was an ally of Britain and Canada and the Canadian government could not be seen as allowing a group to work against the government of China.

The numerous variations in name reflect changes within the group, changes to political factions in China and in many cases, just variation in translation to English.

Custodial history

These records were found at Ferguson Printing, in 1981 during demolition of the building.

Scope and content

The records are primarily Chinese language consisting of membership cards and lists, correspondence and some financial records. Also included are membership pins in sealed and numbered envelopes.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Accession number 30.BA found at the time of demolition of 37/39 River Street West, Ferguson Printing, in 1981. The direct donor is unknown.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • Chinese
  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

Finding aid and file list available. See attached finding aid.

Associated materials

Related materials

Accruals

No further accruals expected.

Conservation

This fonds was re boxed and foldered in 2004

Location note

Boxes V-22, V-191, A-1

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