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Alexander Morris, was born on the 17th March 1826, in Perth, Upper Canada, the son of William and Elizabeth (Cochran) Morris. He was educated at Perth Grammar school; Madras College, St. Andrews; and the University of Glasgow. In 1847 Morris moved to Kingston to study law as an articled clerk. He was admitted into the second year of Law at Queen's College. In 1849 he attended McGill College, receiving a Bachelor of Civil Law (1850), a Master of Arts (1852), and a Doctor of Civil Law (1862).
From 1843 until 1846, Morris was employed in Montreal by Thorne and Heward, commission merchants. He completed his legal apprenticeship in the office of William Badgley and John Joseph Caldwell Abbott in Montreal. In 1851 he was admitted to the Bar in Canada East and Canada West. He set up legal practice in Montreal in 1851.
In 1861 Morris was elected as the Liberal-Conservative member for Lanark South in Canada West.
In 1864 Morris returned to Perth to open a law partnership. By 1867, Morris had taken a leading role in founding the Bedford Navigation Company. He was also named to the board of the Commercial Bank of Canada in that year. Morris was appointed Minister of Inland Revenue by John A. Macdonald in November, 1869.
From July to December 1872, Morris served as the first Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba and as Administrator of Manitoba and the North-West Territories. On December 2, 1872 he was sworn in as Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba and Keewatin (1872-1877) and as Lieutenant Governor of the North-West Territories (1872-1876). Between 1873 and 1876 Morris acted as the Queen's Representative in the signing of Treaties nos. 3,4,5,6 and the revisions of Treaties nos. 1 and 2 with the First Nations.
Morris was elected to the Ontario legislature in 1878. In 1880 he published "The Treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba and the North-West Territories". He was appointed Queen's Counsel by Ontario in 1876 and by the Dominion Government in 1881.
Morris was a ruling elder of the Presbyterian Church in Canada. In 1856, he was a founder and editor for the children's magazine, "The Juvenile Presbyterian".
Morris married Margaret Cline in 1851. They had 11 children. Morris died in October 28, 1889 in Toronto.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of records created, accumulated and used by Alexander Morris during his political career. The fonds includes correspondence during the period that Morris served as Minister of Inland Revenue (1869-1872); Chief Justice of Manitoba (1872); Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba and Keewatin (1872-1877); and Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Territories (1872-1876).
A copy of "The Treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba, the North-West Territories and Kee-wa-tin" (1880) is available at S-Q127.
An index to correspondents has been filmed with the records. Records are filmed chronologically by author.
No series assignment has been applied to the records in this fonds.
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- Morris, Alexander 1826-1889 (Creation)